Automotive engineers can work within a range of roles in the manufacture of cars, motorcycles, vans and other commercial vehicles: design, manufacture, distribution, marketing, sales and after-sales care. While most automotive engineers are employed by vehicle manufacturers, other employers include tyre manufacturers, specialist vehicle design companies and research/test laboratories, motor sports teams and oil/fuel companies. Self-employment via consultancy and contract work can also be an option, though several years of relevant experience may be necessary.
The major tasks of an automobile engineer are to design, develop, manufacture and test vehicles from the conceptual phase to production phase. It has many areas of specialization such as engine systems, fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, supply chain management, thermodynamics and electronics and control systems.
An understanding of the internal combustion engine, the mechanism of the vehicle chassis, electrical systems, workshop technology, motor transport affairs, and research and design is important.